US anti-torture measures


Summary

The order prohibits cruel and inhumane treatment, humiliation or denigration of prisoners' religious beliefs.

南宁桑拿

The White House declined to say whether the CIA currently has a detention and interrogation program, but said if it did, it must adhere to the guidelines outlined in the executive order.

Criticism from Europe

The US has been criticised by European allies and others around the world over interrogation techniques such as "waterboarding," in which prisoners are strapped to a plank over water and are made to fear that they may be drowned.

Critics also have complained that the CIA has run secret prisons on European soil and mistreated prisoners during clandestine flights in and out of Europe.

Mr Bush has repeatedly said the US does not practice torture.

"Last September, the president explained how the CIA's program had disrupted attacks and saved lives, and that it must continue on a sound legal footing," White House Press Secretary Tony Snow says.

"The president has insisted on clear legal standards so that CIA officers involved in this essential work are not placed in jeopardy for doing their job – and keeping America safe from attacks."

The executive order was the result of legislation Mr Bush signed in October that authorised military trials of terrorism suspects, eliminated some of the rights defendants are usually guaranteed under US law, and authorised continued harsh interrogations of terror suspects.

Violation of international law

The Supreme Court had ruled in June 2006 that trying detainees in military tribunals violated US and international law, so Mr Bush urged Congress to change the law.

He also insisted the law authorise CIA agents to use tough methods to interrogate suspected terrorists.

The legislation said the president can "interpret the meaning and application" of international standards for prisoner treatment, a provision intended to allow him to authorise aggressive interrogation methods that might otherwise be seen as illegal by international courts.

Not wanting to give up its terrorism playbook, the White House did not detail what types of interrogation procedures, such as waterboarding, would be allowed.

Conditions

But it did offer parameters, saying any conditions of confinement and interrogation practices could not include:

• Torture or other acts of violence serious enough to be considered comparable to murder, torture, mutilation and cruel or inhumane treatment.

• Willful or outrageous acts of personal abuse done to humiliate or degrade someone in a way so serious that any reasonable person would "deem the acts to be beyond the bounds of human decency, such as sexual or sexually indecent acts undertaken for the purpose of humiliation, forcing the individual to perform sexual acts or to pose sexually, threatening the individual with sexual mutilation.

• Acts intended to denigrate the religion, religious practices, or religious objects of an individual.


The order prohibits cruel and inhumane treatment, humiliation or denigration of prisoners' religious beliefs.

深圳桑拿网

The White House declined to say whether the CIA currently has a detention and interrogation program, but said if it did, it must adhere to the guidelines outlined in the executive order.

Criticism from Europe

The US has been criticised by European allies and others around the world over interrogation techniques such as "waterboarding," in which prisoners are strapped to a plank over water and are made to fear that they may be drowned.

Critics also have complained that the CIA has run secret prisons on European soil and mistreated prisoners during clandestine flights in and out of Europe.

Mr Bush has repeatedly said the US does not practice torture.

"Last September, the president explained how the CIA's program had disrupted attacks and saved lives, and that it must continue on a sound legal footing," White House Press Secretary Tony Snow says.

"The president has insisted on clear legal standards so that CIA officers involved in this essential work are not placed in jeopardy for doing their job – and keeping America safe from attacks."

The executive order was the result of legislation Mr Bush signed in October that authorised military trials of terrorism suspects, eliminated some of the rights defendants are usually guaranteed under US law, and authorised continued harsh interrogations of terror suspects.

Violation of international law

The Supreme Court had ruled in June 2006 that trying detainees in military tribunals violated US and international law, so Mr Bush urged Congress to change the law.

He also insisted the law authorise CIA agents to use tough methods to interrogate suspected terrorists.

The legislation said the president can "interpret the meaning and application" of international standards for prisoner treatment, a provision intended to allow him to authorise aggressive interrogation methods that might otherwise be seen as illegal by international courts.

Not wanting to give up its terrorism playbook, the White House did not detail what types of interrogation procedures, such as waterboarding, would be allowed.

Conditions

But it did offer parameters, saying any conditions of confinement and interrogation practices could not include:

• Torture or other acts of violence serious enough to be considered comparable to murder, torture, mutilation and cruel or inhumane treatment.

• Willful or outrageous acts of personal abuse done to humiliate or degrade someone in a way so serious that any reasonable person would "deem the acts to be beyond the bounds of human decency, such as sexual or sexually indecent acts undertaken for the purpose of humiliation, forcing the individual to perform sexual acts or to pose sexually, threatening the individual with sexual mutilation.

• Acts intended to denigrate the religion, religious practices, or religious objects of an individual.