Brazil runway open after crash


Summary

Brazil's busiest airport has resumed use of its main runway, 10 days after a TAM jet crashed there and killed 199 people in the country's worst aviation disaster.

南宁桑拿

A TAM plane was the first to touch down on the 1,939-metre main runway today, but the airline has imposed new restrictions since the crash and says it will not use Congonhas airport when it is raining.

Traffic at Congonhas had been restricted to a 1,436-metre backup since the crash, while investigators tried to determine if the main runway's condition played a role in the accident.

Both runways are relatively short by modern standards.

TAM Flight 3054, an Airbus A320, landed in driving rain July 17 and sped down the runway before crashing into a petrol station and an air cargo building at 175km/h.

Data not released

The accident created more chaos in Brazil's already troubled air travel industry, led to the ouster of the defence minister and prompted a safety advisory from Airbus, though authorities have not yet publicised what they learned from the plane's data recorders.

Airbus spokeswoman Barbara Kracht would not specify the nature of the information from the data recorder and says the advisory did not imply any conclusion about the causes of the crash.

She says the notification to airlines stressed the need for pilots to follow proper landing procedures.

A pilot for a major international airline with a fleet of A320s says his company had reminded pilots to pull the thrust lever to idle during the landing flare.

Leaving the throttles even slightly open on the A320 prevents speed-cutting spoilers and the auto-braking system from activating, said the pilot, who declined to be identified because of the airline's policy.

Earlier speculation about factors in the crash have focused on a slick, short runway and a deactivated reverse thruster on the plane.

TAM Linhas Aereas SA has said the thruster was turned off in keeping with proper maintenance regulations.

Cockpit recording

Over the weekend, Brazilian investigators will examine the information from the flight's data recorder and listen to a cockpit recording.

Brigadier General Jorge Kersul, who is heading the probe into the crash, says investigators would use the flight recorder data to evaluate whether the plane's throttle was in the wrong position just before it landed.

Globo TV reported that it obtained a transcript of the conversation between pilots and controllers just before the crash, and that controllers warned the pilots the runway was slick just before the jet touched down.

Someone said "Turn, turn, turn" at some point in the conversation recorded in the cockpit, but Globo says it was not clear who said those words or when.


Brazil's busiest airport has resumed use of its main runway, 10 days after a TAM jet crashed there and killed 199 people in the country's worst aviation disaster.

苏州皮肤管理中心

A TAM plane was the first to touch down on the 1,939-metre main runway today, but the airline has imposed new restrictions since the crash and says it will not use Congonhas airport when it is raining.

Traffic at Congonhas had been restricted to a 1,436-metre backup since the crash, while investigators tried to determine if the main runway's condition played a role in the accident.

Both runways are relatively short by modern standards.

TAM Flight 3054, an Airbus A320, landed in driving rain July 17 and sped down the runway before crashing into a petrol station and an air cargo building at 175km/h.

Data not released

The accident created more chaos in Brazil's already troubled air travel industry, led to the ouster of the defence minister and prompted a safety advisory from Airbus, though authorities have not yet publicised what they learned from the plane's data recorders.

Airbus spokeswoman Barbara Kracht would not specify the nature of the information from the data recorder and says the advisory did not imply any conclusion about the causes of the crash.

She says the notification to airlines stressed the need for pilots to follow proper landing procedures.

A pilot for a major international airline with a fleet of A320s says his company had reminded pilots to pull the thrust lever to idle during the landing flare.

Leaving the throttles even slightly open on the A320 prevents speed-cutting spoilers and the auto-braking system from activating, said the pilot, who declined to be identified because of the airline's policy.

Earlier speculation about factors in the crash have focused on a slick, short runway and a deactivated reverse thruster on the plane.

TAM Linhas Aereas SA has said the thruster was turned off in keeping with proper maintenance regulations.

Cockpit recording

Over the weekend, Brazilian investigators will examine the information from the flight's data recorder and listen to a cockpit recording.

Brigadier General Jorge Kersul, who is heading the probe into the crash, says investigators would use the flight recorder data to evaluate whether the plane's throttle was in the wrong position just before it landed.

Globo TV reported that it obtained a transcript of the conversation between pilots and controllers just before the crash, and that controllers warned the pilots the runway was slick just before the jet touched down.

Someone said "Turn, turn, turn" at some point in the conversation recorded in the cockpit, but Globo says it was not clear who said those words or when.